Some social media users are sharing photographs of a rare optical phenomenon known as a halo which is being experienced in the skies over Accra.
The phenomenon which is currently still visible in some parts of the capital is caused by sunlight or (more rarely) moonlight interacting with ice crystals suspended in the atmosphere. However, it can only be seen clearly with the aid of sunglasses or captured with cameras.
Halos can have many forms, ranging from coloured or white rings to arcs and spots in the sky.
Many of these appear near the Sun or Moon, but others occur elsewhere or even in the opposite part of the sky.
Among the best-known halo types are the circular halo (properly called the 22° halo), light pillars, and sun dogs, but many others occur; some are fairly common while others are (extremely) rare.
Sun Halo phenomenon over Accra today. Light interacting with ice crystals in the atmosphere. 🌞❄️ pic.twitter.com/rAscYmTejD
— Christoph Retzlaff (@GermanAmbGhana) August 30, 2020
The ice crystals responsible for halos are typically suspended in cirrus or cirrostratus clouds in the upper troposphere (5–10 km (3.1–6.2 mi)), but in cold weather, they can also float near the ground, in which case they are referred to as diamond dust.
The particular shape and orientation of the crystals are responsible for the type of halo observed. Light is reflected and refracted by the ice crystals and may split into colors because of dispersion.
There’s a rare phenomenon happening right now, the rainbow has circled the sun. If you wore your dark glasses and looked up now, you’ll marvel. Magnificent God!! pic.twitter.com/tIC1ahRYTB
— Veronica Commey (@VeronicaCommey) August 30, 2020
The crystals behave like prisms and mirrors, refracting and reflecting light between their faces, sending shafts of light in particular directions. Atmospheric optical phenomena like halos were used as part of weather lore, which was an empirical means of weather forecasting before meteorology was developed.
Little reminders that creation is not random. 🙂 pic.twitter.com/xlQd9oNULZ
— Dr. Zanetor Agyeman-Rawlings (@zanetorofficial) August 30, 2020
They often do indicate that rain will fall within the next 24 hours since the cirrostratus clouds that cause them can signify an approaching frontal system.
Other common types of optical phenomena involving water droplets rather than ice crystals include the glory and rainbow.
Source: General News